WHAT IS REFERENCING?
Referencing or citation refers to:
- “words taken from a passage, a book, an author, etc; to quote something or somebody” (Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, 1999: 201);
- “a line taken from a book, speech, etc.” ( Longman, 2003: 266)
- the inclusion of detailed information about the source of quotes, ideas, or illustrations you insert in your term paper
In academic writing, it is necessary for a writer to refer to other people’s work (i.e. which appears in books, an article in journals, magazines etc.) to support their argument. By doing so, the writer hopes that his/her argument will become stronger. Whenever other people’s works are being referred, writers need to acknowledge the source. The following sub-sections will discuss the purpose of and the method of referencing.